1. Merchants of Doubt by Naomi Oreskes: Summary, Notes & Lessons - Nat Eliason
  2. From tobacco to climate change, ‘merchants of doubt’ undermined the science
  3. Merchants of Doubt by Naomi Oreskes and Erik M Conway
  4. Merchants of Doubt

In their new book, Merchants of Doubt, historians Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway explain how a loose–knit group of high-level scientists, with extensive. The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on such areas as public health, environmental science, and issues affecting quality of life. Our scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. Tell others about this book Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose- knit group of high-level "Doubt is our product," wrote one tobacco executive.

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Merchants Of Doubt Book

Doubt Is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health () by David Michaels. “Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway have written an important and timely book. Merchants of Doubt should finally put to rest the question of whether the science of. Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. Starred Review. Oreskes and Conway tell an . “Merchants of Doubt might be one of the most important books of the year. Exhaustively researched and documented, it explains how over the past.

Zeebra Books Oreskes and Conway tell an important story about the misuse of science to mislead the public on matters ranging from the risks of smoking to the reality of global warming. The people the authors accuse in this carefully documented book are themselves scientists—mostly physicists, former cold warriors who now serve a conservative agenda, and vested interests like the tobacco industry. The authors name these scientists—all with powerful connections in government and the media—including Robert Jastrow, Frederick Seitz, and S. Fred Singer. Seven compelling chapters detail seven issues acid rain, the dangers of smoking and secondhand smoke, the ozone hole, global warming, the Strategic Defense Initiative, and the banning of DDT in which this group aimed to sow seeds of public doubt on matters of settled science. They did so by casting aspersions on the science and the scientists who produce it. Oreskes, a professor of history and science studies at UC—San Diego, and science writer Conway also emphasize how journalists and Internet bloggers uncritically repeat these charges. This book deserves serious attention for the lessons it provides about the misuse of science for political and commercial ends.

He said, however, that the climate change chapter is only 50 pages long, and recommends several other books for readers who want to get a broader picture of this aspect: England also said that there is little coverage about the millions of dollars which Exxon Mobil has put into funding groups actively involved in promoting climate change denial and doubt.

A review in The Economist calls this a powerful book which articulates the politics involved and the degree to which scientists have sometimes manufactured and exaggerated environmental uncertainties, but opines that the authors fail to fully explain how environmental action has still often proved possible despite countervailing factors.

Robert N. Proctor , who coined the term " agnotology " to describe the study of culturally induced ignorance or doubt, wrote in American Scientist that Merchants of Doubt is a detailed and artfully written book.

Merchants of Doubt by Naomi Oreskes: Summary, Notes & Lessons - Nat Eliason

He set it in the context of other books which cover the "history of manufactured ignorance": Robin McKie in The Guardian states that Oreskes and Conway deserve considerable praise for exposing the influence of a small group of Cold War ideologues. Their tactic of spreading doubt has confused the public about a series of key scientific issues such as global warming, even though scientists have actually become more certain about their research results. McKie says that Merchants of Doubt includes detailed notes on all sources used, is carefully paced, and is "my runaway contender for best science book of the year".

Sociologist Reiner Grundmann 's review in BioSocieties journal, acknowledges that the book is well researched and factually based, but criticizes the book as being written in a black and white manner whereas historians should write a more nuanced description.

From tobacco to climate change, ‘merchants of doubt’ undermined the science

The book depicts special interests and contrarians misleading the public as being mainly responsible for stopping action on policy. He says this shows a lack of basic understanding of the political process and the mechanisms of knowledge policy , because the authors assume that public policy would follow on from an understanding of the science.

While the book provides all the formal hallmarks of science , Grundmann sees it less as a scholarly work than a passionate attack and overall as a problematic book. Marshall Institute , which was founded by Seitz, [16] say that although Merchants of Doubt has the appearance of a scholarly work, it discredits and undermines the reputations of people who in their lifetime contributed greatly to the American nation.

They say that it does this by questioning their integrity, impugning their character, and questioning their judgement. She has degrees in geological science and a Ph.

Her work came to public attention in with the publication of "The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change," in Science , in which she wrote that there was no significant disagreement in the scientific community about the reality of global warming from human causes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the book. For the film based on the book, see Merchants of Doubt film. Dewey Decimal.

The Australian. Bloomsbury Press. The Guardian.

Merchants of Doubt by Naomi Oreskes and Erik M Conway

Sony Pictures Classics. Retrieved March 8, USA Today. Das Netzwerk des Leugnens. Physik in unserer Zeit 46, Issue 2, , p. How "scientific" misinformation campaigns sold untruths to consumers The Christian Science Monitor. Merchants of Doubt The Ecologist. A question of dodgy science , June 17, , The Economist. Book Review: Manufactured Ignorance , American Scientist. A Well-Funded Machine".

Marshall Institute, a conservative think tank. Policy Outlook.

Merchants of Doubt

George C. At least that is the common appreciation of Carson.

However, a brief search of her name on the internet today produces an unexpected response. According to many websites, Carson — by all accounts a pleasant, amiable woman — was a mass murderer who killed more people than the Nazis. This dramatic claim is based on her campaign against DDT, which, it is alleged, has led to the deaths of countless Africans from malaria. As an appraisal of Carson's achievements, this is a fairly shocking piece of revisionism and, as the authors of Merchants of Doubt make clear, it also is a false one.

DDT was banned not just because it was accumulating in the food chain but because mosquitoes were developing resistance to it. The pesticide was losing its usefulness long before it was taken out of commercial production.

So why this hysterical vilification? Why these sudden denunciations of Carson?

The answer — provided by Oreskes and Conway in this painstakingly assembled but nevertheless riveting piece of investigative reporting — is simple. The far right in America, in its quest to ensure the perpetuation of the free market, is now hell-bent on destroying the cause of environmentalism. According to this distorted view of life, environmentalists are watermelons — green on the outside, red on the inside — who want to impose regulation, "the slippery slope to socialism", on the use of tobacco, ozone-destroying chemicals and greenhouse gases.

Hence the monstering of Carson's reputation, an act of deliberate misinformation, say Oreskes and Conway, that has become the hallmark of a group of far-right institutions that are funded by businesses and conservative foundations and supported by a coterie of rightwing scientists who believe ecological threats are made up by lefty researchers as part of a grand plan to expand government control over our lives.

These are the villains of Merchants of Doubt, and the same names pop up throughout its pages: scientists such as Fred Seitz, Robert Jastrow and Bill Nierenberg, along with the institutes through which they, and their kind, have lent their services to a range of rightwing, free-market foundations and institutions including the Competitive Enterprise Institute, the source of that anti-Carson diatribe that I quoted earlier.

When not funded by the tobacco industry, many of these outfits often receive backing from fossil-fuel companies such as Exxon.

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